October 21, 2014

HEALTH & WELLNESS: Send kids to school with healthy meals and snacks

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As kids get back into the rhythm of school, a healthy lunch is a building block of their day.

The American Heart Association recommends packing a healthy lunch at home to ensure that kids get the nutrition they need without all the fat, calories and salt found in convenience foods and many school lunch meals. Too much salt, calories and fat can contribute to long-term health issues like obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Approximately one in three American kids and teens is overweight or obese—nearly triple the rate in 1963. Among children today, obesity is causing health problems that previously weren’t seen until adulthood including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and elevated blood cholesterol levels.

packing healthy lunches:

Choose from the rainbow of foods in your supermarket’s produce department. Include foods that are red (red peppers, apples, tomatoes), orange (carrots, peaches), green (salad, celery sticks) and choose foods from the different food groups.

The Alliance for a Healthier Generation, founded in 2005 with the American Heart Association and the William J. Clinton Foundation, suggests including: one serving of vegetables or salad and one serving of fruit (fresh, canned or dried all count); one serving of a low-fat or fat-free milk or dairy item such as a low-fat cheese stick, a yogurt cup, or some cottage cheese; one serving of meat, chicken, fish, eggs, peanut butter, beans or another protein source.

Pack healthy drinks such as water, low-fat milk or 100 percent juice with no added sugar. Beverages boxes frozen the night before can keep a lunchbox cool until lunchtime. Cut out the soda and energy drinks. These are filled with sugar and empty calories and provide little or no nutrition.

Sandwiches can be made on whole wheat bread, pita, wraps or flatbreads. Traditional luncheon meats are high in fat and sodium. When choosing luncheon meats, pick lean meats like turkey, ham or leftover chicken breast. Use reduced fat mayo, salad dressing or mustard to dress a sandwich and top with mixed greens or spinach for extra nutrients.

Not the same old sandwich

Pack hummus with fresh veggies and whole wheat pita triangles or flatbreads for dipping. Hummus is a good low-fat protein source and is high in iron and vitamin C. Or try low-fat or fat-free cottage cheese with carrots, cherry tomatoes, fresh berries, or melon for a calcium-rich, high-protein lunch.

Salads topped with lean protein, such as hard-boiled eggs, beans or chicken, are a great alternative to sandwiches and they help get kids on track with their daily vegetable servings. In a hurry? Buy bags of lettuce or precut carrots or make extra salad for dinner then pack the leftovers for lunch the next day.

Didn’t pack a lunch? There are many options to choose from in the lunch line at school, some of them are healthier than others. Encourage kids to choose fruits and vegetables instead of French fries or chips and ask for grilled meat instead of fried.

Hungry after school?

When it comes to after school snacks, think energy, not fatty, high-calorie. Try baked potato or corn chips instead of fried. Keep a variety of salt-free nuts on hand for a high protein, essential fatty acid snack—but watch the portions. One-quarter cup of these caloric nuts is a serving.

Stick to low-fat or light yogurt instead of the full-calorie varieties targeted at children. To avoid artificial sweeteners, try fat-free plain yogurt mixed with fresh fruit.

Cereal is not just for breakfast. High-fiber, low-sugar cereals are fortified with vitamins and nutrients. Pour a serving size and add low-fat or skim milk for a satisfying snack that most kids can get for themselves.

Not all granola bars are created equal. Choose whole grain granola bars that are low in fat and sugar—take a look at the food label and choose the ones that contain less than one gram of saturated fat per serving and are no more than 35 percent sugar by weight. Make sure there are at least five grams of protein.

Shop your local health store for pre-packaged snacks that are high in fiber and low in fat, sugar and calories.

For more information and recipes, visit the American Heart Association at www.heart.org/healthierkids.

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